Gatsby and Next.js have emerged as the most popular alternatives to React over the past few years. Until recently, there were significant differences between the two that allowed developers to select the one that made the most sense for the use case they were working on. However, recent enhancements, such as Gatsby’s addition of Server-Side Rendering and other features, have brought the two frameworks closer.
Server-Side Rendering and Static Site Generation are only two of React’s many functionalities not natively supported. Still, Gatsby and Next. js make it feasible to construct versatile and robust websites with React by leveraging these and other features. Nonetheless, the two distinct frameworks each possess their distinctive qualities. Exploring some of the most significant differences is essential and guides the structure you should select.
What Exactly is Next.js?
Next.js might likely serve as a platform for the React framework, allowing users to construct software applications with the React library. It has many features that simplify the process of developing React applications. As programmers, we do not have the luxury of starting from scratch when it comes to our projects because there are already developed tools to aid us. Next.js is a framework, meaning it is a piece of software developers use to build apps.
What Functionalities Does Next.js Provide?
Page-based routing system (with dynamic route support): NextJS eliminates the need to write router code for individual pages. Next, take care of all of this for us. Simply put, we create a page in a specified folder, and NextJS provides the required routing to make it accessible.
For the pre-rendering process, server-side rendering and static generation are supported, sometimes known as SSG and SSR. Server-side rendering, commonly known as SSR, is when a page’s content is prepared on the server, whereas a single-page React application employs client-side rendering (CSR). The issue with CSR is that it is incompatible with SEO (search engine optimization), meaning that search engines cannot read the actual website content. Using SSR in NextJS, issues such as a page that flickers while data is being fetched may be avoided, and our website’s content will be optimized for search engines.
Support for built-in CSS and Sass, as well as any CSS-in-JS library.
Full-stack capabilities: Using NextJS makes it easier for React developers to integrate backend code into their projects. Adding our code to handle data storage, retrieval, authentication, and other operations is a straightforward task.
Static Exports: Utilizing the following export command, Next.js enables you to export a static website from within your application.
Prefetching: The Link component, which is used to connect different pages, has a prefetch prop that, when used, automatically prefetches page resources in the background, including code that may be lacking due to code splitting.
Next.JS Advantages Include
Efficacy Improvements in SEO
We know that individuals create websites to learn about firms and seek extra potential clients. This work can be accomplished successfully by establishing a strong presence on search engines such as Google, Yahoo, Bing, and related websites. You may create a web application with all the functionality and interactivity you demand while reaping the SEO benefits of a text-based, search-engine-optimized website. This is because the web application was built utilizing a static format.
When you construct a website or application with Next.js, you can be assured that it will be safe and secure. This programming language should be used primarily for creating software programs and websites due to its extensive security features. It is fast because there is no direct access to databases containing user data or other users’ personal information.
The ability of Next.js to change the size of web pages and applications to the size of the device’s screen has a significant impact on the overall user experience and cannot be understated. Despite its apparent simplicity, this ability dramatically impacts the user experience.
A Quick Load Time
Through the use of SSG, Next.js can render pages with flash-like performance.
The number of developers employing React and NextJS in their projects is increasing with the frameworks’ rising popularity. As a result, finding an organization or a free agent capable of making improvements will not be difficult.
Next.JS Presents the Following Disadvantages
Difficulties with Routing
If your project requires dynamic routes, you will be required to use the Node.js server, as Next.js’s routing through nodes capabilities are limited when utilizing a file-based router. You will soon discover that the majority of routers lack an adaptable design.
Limited Construction Time
The amount of time required to create websites and applications is constrained. Next.js simplifies the addition of new pages to an existing website or application. On the other hand, the static construction of the entire website can result in a lengthy build time for apps containing multiple pages.
Lacks State Manager
There is not a single built-in state manager within the Next.js framework. You will need an additional instrument to maximize the effectiveness of the first one.
What is Gatsby?
Gatsby is a free, open-source framework based on React and designed to help developers create high-performing websites and applications. In other words, Gatsby is an instance of a static site generator that employs React. Why would you want to develop on top of an existing framework (or library)? Doesn’t React assist developers in the process of creating websites and applications? This is a genuine question frequently posed by the audience while discussing Gatsby and Next.js.
Which Distinctive Qualities Does Gatsby Possess?
Gatsby is a meta-framework that sits on top of React. Therefore there are minimal constraints on the types of applications that may be created. If it can be constructed with React, it can almost likely be built with Gatsby. Gatsby, on the other hand, provides substantial capabilities on top of React, which enhance the developer experience, site performance, and overall delivery velocity.
Advantages of The Great Gatsby
Developers are always on the hunt for novel approaches to improve the efficacy of their workflow and the caliber of their output. Gatsby is one of the most significant reactions to the growing demand for new technologies that can assist with the two features above established in recent years.
Some of the Reasons Why Developers Prefer Gatsby are as Follows
- Gatsby Cloud is a cloud architecture explicitly designed to develop Gatsby’s websites. It provides the following four advantages:
- Standard builds are one thousand times slower than incremental builds.
- Real-time, dynamic previews of the content are maintained by your content management system (CMS). Consequently, you will not make any embarrassing mistakes when submitting content updates.
- Before determining whether or not to merge code, Deploy Previews enables developers to evaluate how updates would appear across an entire website.
- Using Lighthouse Reports, automatically generated, you may evaluate the site’s performance in addition to best practices and accessibility.
- GatsbyJS uses a current workflow, conforming to the most recent versions of web standards and technologies such as React, GraphQL, and Webpack. Thus, developers utilizing GatsbyJS have access to the most advantageous features of both React and GraphQL.
- Immediately effective performance Developers are not required to install additional plugins or extensions for websites and applications built with Gatsby to be performant.
- Excellent documentation – as you can see on Gatsby’s official website, the documentation is well-structured and uncomplicated to follow, making it incredibly easy to use. It is pretty helpful in comprehending Gatsby and maximizing the game’s potential.
- Participation from an expanding user base The Gatsby fan base is growing alongside the game’s increasing popularity. There is a high likelihood that someone else has already resolved your problem or will assist you. If this is the case, have no fear.
- Access to the Gatsby ecosystem, which includes plugins, starters, boilerplates, and Reacts packages, accelerates the development process.
- Excellent experience for developers: Using Gatsby will provide you with the most outstanding web development experience possible because of the factors above.
- Multiple data sources Gatsby permits users to utilize any number of locally saved data files in addition to obtaining data from external sources, including WordPress, Medium, and other comparable sites. In other words, any source with an accessible API may be accessed.
- With Netlify, you can have an automated deployment system up and operate in less than a minute.
Gatsby’s shortcomings should not surprise them, given that the game is still under development. As a result, there are certain circumstances where utilizing Gatsby is not the ideal decision.
The content may take up to 15 minutes to construct a static website, for example, if it is a popular blog. However, customers utilizing Gatsby Cloud have access to a solution referred to as Incremental Builds. This method can reduce construction time by up to 1,000, but it is not cheap (monthly costs begin at $19).
You will need to update the content often because any changes you make will not appear immediately, as with WordPress, for instance. This point is related to the previous one in that the time necessary to build the website will increase proportionally with the quantity of its material. Even though Gatsby cloud is the solution, there is a price involved, and any updates will not be immediately accessible.
Comparison Between Next.js and Gatsby
What Differences Exist Between These Two?
Gatsby offers a unique perspective and can only be used to generate static web pages. After version 9.3, the Next.js software includes static side generation and server-side rendering capabilities.
Gatsby instructs you on the optimal approach to managing the data in your application, whereas Next.js leaves you to make all the decisions.
Gatsby leverages GraphQL for data processing, whereas Next.js leaves everything up to the developer. Next.js does not care how the data is obtained; it might be synchronous, it could be asynchronous, it could be obtained via REST APIs, fetch, GraphQL, or it could come directly from the database.
Gatsby enables the usage of numerous themes, extensions, and plugins, hence simplifying the development process. On the other hand, Next.js encourages custom-built plugins and extensions, which helps make the project more user-centric.
When is Next.js Appropriate to Use?
- Next.js can be utilized in various situations to achieve superior speed and give the most desirable features. The following are some of the most frequent uses of Next.js:
- Client-side executable applications
- Web portals
- Large websites serving several users
- Large websites selling products online
- Websites concerning finances
- SaaS and B2B websites
When is Gatsby Beneficial?
- Gatsby is a well-known Static Site Generator frequently used to construct static web pages. The following are samples of some of Gatsby’s most significant applications:
- Internet sites with static content
- Websites specializing in documentation
- Websites displaying individual portfolios or weblogs
- Websites with a high level of security
- Applications for the progressive web.
- Websites that are advantageous for SEO
- Websites that are compatible with headless content management systems