Despite their similarities in terms of cross-platform app development, Flutter and React Native are frequently referred to as bitter rivals. Both of these technologies aid developers in reducing the Time to Market (TTM) associated with delivering interactive business applications to clients, hence increasing productivity.
What Exactly is Flutter?
Flutter is an open-source framework that utilises Google’s Dart programming language. It is frequently referred to as an improved UI toolkit that enables the development of cross-platform apps using a single codebase. It enables the development of expressive and flexible user interfaces with native performance. Additionally, a team of Google developers and the entire flutter community support and contribute to it.
What is the Purpose of Flutter?
Flutter facilitates the development of cross-platform applications.
It enables developers to easily create and deliver aesthetically appealing, natively built applications for mobile (iOS, Android), web, and desktop platforms – all from a single codebase.
When creating desktop applications with Flutter, you can compile the source code to create a native Windows, macOS, or Linux desktop application.
Flutter’s desktop support extends to plugins; developers can either use pre-built plugins for macOS, Windows, or Linux, or create their own.
Please note that Flutter’s desktop support is currently in beta. As a result, it still has some feature holes. Developers from Sterling Technolabs can, however, try a beta snapshot of desktop support on the stable channel or stay current with desktop changes on the beta channel.
Which Prominent Applications are Created with Flutter?
Google Ads — Leveraged Dart packages, Firebase AdMob plugins, and Flutter’s static utility classes to deliver a portable user experience across iOS and Android.
Tencent — With fewer than five developers, created a connected and shared device experience for users with multi-platform support.
Alibaba — Developed a single-tap navigation experience with a high frame rate and a unified codebase for all applications.
eBay – By integrating Flutter and Firebase, we were able to generate autoML for eBay Motors.
BMW – Developed high-performance user interfaces by managing them with flutter bloc.
Reflectly — Migrated from React Native to Flutter and improved data synchronisation by creating high-quality data events with the StreamBuilder widget.
Flutter on the Web
Flutter’s online support ensures that users have the same experience on the web as they do on mobile. This enables you to develop applications for Android, iOS, and the web using the same codebase.
As stated on the official Flutter website, Flutter’s web support is particularly beneficial in the following situations:
Flutter-Based Progressive Web Apps (PWAs)
Flutter creates high-quality Progressive Web Apps that interact seamlessly with the user’s environment, including installation, offline support, and a personalised user experience.
Applications on a Single Page (SPA)
SPAs are single-file downloads that deliver data to and from internet services.
Web support for Flutter enables the delivery of existing Flutter mobile apps via a browser.
Flutter’s Competitive Advantage
- Excellent appearance and feel as a result of the use of rich widgets;
- Community and popularity are rapidly rising
- Excellent documentation backed up by solid support from the Flutter team (which simplifies the process of getting started with Flutter);
- Enhancements to Flutter for Online, enabling the use of a single codebase across mobile and web platforms
- Time-to-market duration is difficult to beat
Flutter’s User Interface
Flutter applications appear just as well on modern operating systems as on older versions.
Because they share a single codebase, the apps look and behave identically across iOS and Android, but they can also mimic the platform’s design thanks to Material Design and Cupertino widgets. How is this even possible?
Flutter includes two distinct sets of widgets that adhere to distinct design languages: Material Design widgets adhere to Google’s eponymous style language, while Cupertino widgets mimic Apple’s iOS design.
This implies that your Flutter application will seem and perform organically on each platform, as if it were composed entirely of native components.
What is React Native and How Does it Work?
What is the Purpose of React Native?
React Native is an efficient framework for the following tasks:
- Development on several platforms
- Using a single codebase to develop applications for both Android and iOS.
- Utilizing the same design language as React.
React Native makes use of components that are comparable to Flutter’s widgets.
Which Popular Applications are Built with React Native?
Facebook – Created a powerful, supporting mobile user interface with straightforward navigation.
Walmart — Enhanced the user experience by developing fluid in-app animations that mimic native functioning.
Bloomberg — Streamlined, easy-to-access, tailored material for users, including tools for automatic code renewal.
Instagram — Implemented push notifications with the use of a WebView, obviating the need to develop navigation infrastructure.
SoundCloud – Eliminated the time difference between updates and patched versions for iOS and Android.
Wix – Developed adjustable navigations and screen options with a high degree of speed and agility.
React Native’s Competitive Benefits Include the Following
- Stability on the market (5+ years);
- Numerous profitable, well-known industry players rely on React Native;
- A mature, populous community;
- Simple-to-understand technology;
- Numerous tutorials and libraries that facilitate development;
- Code is easily reusable for both web application and desktop application development.
React Native’s User Interface
Application components resemble native components (e.g. a button on an iOS device looks just like a native iOS button, and the same on Android).
The fact that React Native is built on native components should reassure you that once the OS UI is updated, your app’s components will be automatically updated as well.
That said, this can cause the app’s UI to malfunction, but this occurs infrequently.
If you want your application to look almost the same across platforms – as well as on earlier versions of an operating system, like Flutter does – consider utilising third-party libraries (like this one). They will allow you to substitute Material Design components with native ones.
The Pros and Downsides of Flutter and React Native
Flutter’s Advantages Include the Following
- Rapid reloading: The Hot Reloading functionality ensures that changes are reflected instantly without affecting the application’s state.
- Provides sophisticated widgets: These widgets adhere to the Cupertino (iOS) and Material Design principles (Android).
- No rewriting of code: The code integrates seamlessly with Java for Android and Swift or Objective C for iOS.
- Rapid shipping: Allows for rapid iteration cycles and reduces build time by requiring testing for a single codebase.
- Codesharing: Because code can be developed and shared between platforms more easily and quickly, it is ideal for MVP development.
- While the libraries and tools are great, they fall short of those found in React Native.
- Vector graphics and animation support have challenges with timely rendering of plugins.
- Not compatible with the development of apps for tvOS, Android Auto, CarPlay, or watchOS.
- It is not possible to send fixes and updates directly into programmes without first going through the usual release process.
The Advantages of React Native Include the Following
- Native rendering: Natively renders APIs on the host platform without the requirement for HTML or CSS coding.
- Performance: Transforms an application’s markup to resemble legitimate UI elements while maintaining good performance.
- Ecosystem: Leverages rich ecosystem and UI libraries to automatically re-render app appearance with each state change.
- Access to intelligent debugging tools and error reporting.
- Allows for the addition of new codes directly into a running application via hot reloading.
The Disadvantages of React Native Include the Following
- Native API rendering may be incompatible with certain native UI elements, resulting in a slightly off-looking UI.
- Third-party libraries that can be utilised to improve implementation are frequently out of date.
- Parallel threading and multi-processing are not supported, resulting in sluggish performance.
- The Chrome debugger may be inconvenient for editing, inspecting, and inspecting codes and UI elements.